The british decision to grant independence to india arose primarily out of necessity however, gandhi's successful social movements also inspired a fundamental change in the perceptions of colonial power that eventually led to the collapse of the british colonial empire. Mohandas gandhi used nonviolent civil disobedience during a campaign in 1930 and 1931 to pave the way for indian independence his efforts started with the salt march, which undermined british authority and gave indians a sense of national solidarity to protest the british prohibition on indians. mahatma gandhi ng india mohandas karamchand gandhi 2 october 1869 - 30 january 1948) was the preeminent leader of indian independence movement in british-ruled india employing nonviolent civil disobedience, gandhi led india to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. People who changed the world - week #3 today i've decided to write about mahatma gandhi - the one who freed an entire country with his peaceful movement he wasn't the first and he won't be the last revolutionist but certainly he is the most famous of the world's peaceful political dissidents.
History remembers mohandas gandhi's salt march as one of the great episodes of resistance in the past century and as a campaign which struck a decisive blow against british imperialism in the early morning of march 12, 1930, gandhi and a trained cadre of 78 followers from his ashram began a march. Gandhi called on indians throughout the country to boycott imported cloth and take up spinning as a method of noncooperation with british industry in the words of writer ved mehta, he made 'spinning wheel' a byword for economic independence and nonviolent revolution. The british empire in the middle east 1945-1951 by wmrlouis, (oxford university press, 1984) suez by kkyle, (weidenfeld and nicolson, 1991) the end of empire in the middle east by gbalfour.
The legend of mahatma gandhi has it that he returned to india from south africa in 1915, took control of and radically transformed the indian nationalist movement, and led three great popular movements that eventually wore down the british government and led to indian independence. Political independence for india was achieved not by mahatma gandhi, but rather by hitler rendering the british empire a bankrupt entity in fact, gandhi's popularity among the masses had decreased substantially already in the 1930s, perhaps partially because in reality gandhi had no idea of how to bring about india's independence. During the war time japanese, burma etc were revealing the weakness of the british imperial power, this gave hope to other territories starting with india the nationalist's movement was led by mahatma gandhi and the indian nationalist's congress to free india, india eventually through a lot of hardship gained independence this surely.
It is for this reason that many do not believe that gandhi affected the indian independence to a large extent there was no direct change in british occupation as a result of gandhi's involvement india was still a british colony7. According to gandhi, he felt that since he was demanding his rights as a british citizen, it was also his duty to serve the british forces in the defence of the british empire   during world war i (1914-1918), nearing the age of 50, gandhi supported the british and its allied forces by recruiting indians to join the british army. According to renowned writer stanley wolport, the writer of the book gandhi's passion: the life and the legacy of mahatma gandhi, gandhi gave up his pleasures as a british barrister, sexual relations with his wife and other luxuries of life so that he could focus on helping indians. The british raj unravelled quickly in the 1940s, perhaps surprising after the empire in the east had so recently survived its greatest challenge in the shape of japanese expansionism.
Gandhi, however, remained a loyal citizen of the british empire in that spirit, he decided to help the british during the boer war the boer were the dutch colonizers who ruled some of the south african colonies. Overview: mohandas gandhi's reputation as the indian spiritual and political leader who coordinated and led a successful national struggle for independence against british imperial rule on the strength of a non-violent movement survives largely intact. Mohandas karamchand gandhi, also known as mahatma gandhi, led the independence movement of india against the british, working against racial and socioeconomic repression he used nonviolent tactics, inspiring civil rights movements across the world gandhi led with satyagraha, or truth and. Nehru agreed with mountbatten and gave up the idea of a unified india on april 20, he said that the muslim league could have its pakistan if it wanted it on the condition that pakistan did not include parts of india that did not wish to join it. Mohandas karamchand gandhi is known as mahatma meaning 'great soul' he was an astute political campaigner who fought for indian independence from british rule and for the rights of the indian.
In an interview to bbc in february 1955, babasaheb elucidated the reason why the british left india in 1947 subsequently, attlee agreed netaji was the toughest challenge the empire faced several. British cultivation of the hairy upper lip was inspired, he suggests, by indian ideals of virility, and would decline in proportion with the empire's reach: harold macmillan was the last british. Role of mahatma gandhi in india's freedom was minimal his role in bringing people together and organizing a mass movement cannot be discounted but in terms of forcing the british out, subhash chandra bose is the man. What we do know that, following this incident, mahatma gandhi took up a campaign of peaceful resistance against the british, first in south africa and later in india.
Mahatma gandhi was the leader who guided india towards independence india was under the british rule for over 250 years gandhi returned to india from south africa in 1915 at the request of gopal krishna gokhale. In 1900, india was part of the british empire but by the end of 1947, india had achieved independence for most of the nineteenth century, india was ruled by the british india was considered the jewel in the crown of the british empire. Mohandas gandhi — also affectionately known as mahatma — led india's independence movement in the 1930s and 40s by speaking softly without carrying much of a big stick, facing down the british.