The southern russian republic of chechnya has long been a boiling point for conflict with moscow in the restive north caucasus after a decade of unsuccessfully fighting for independence, the. The son of assassinated (2004) chechnya president akhmad kadyrov, he was a guerilla leader in the first chechen war (1994-96) click the link for more information , son of the former president, and kadyrov was then appointed president (the post was renamed imam in 2010) by russian president putin. The latter proclaimed the chechen republic of ichkeria, which sought independence following the first chechen war with russia, chechnya gained de facto independence as the chechen republic of. The chechen republic or, informally, chechnya, (sometimes referred to as ichkeria, chechnia, chechenia or noxçiyn), is a federal subject of russiait is located in the northern caucasus mountains, in the southern federal district.
There are also small christian and atheist minorities, although their numbers are unknown in chechnya in kazakhstan, they are roughly 3% and 2% of the chechen population respectively  a stereotype of an average chechen being a fundamentalist muslim is incorrect and misleading. Chechnya has a population of approximately 11 million people chechens account for 935 percent of the population, while russians make up the largest minority group the majority of chechens are sunni muslims. By most accounts, the war-weary chechen population would gladly trade its short-lived and costly independence for peace, stability, and a return to the status quo ante (of the soviet era, if that were possible. A glance at chechnya, which holds a presidential election sunday, and its conflict russian authorities have expressed concern that separatist rebels could carry out attacks linked to the election.
Chechnya and the caucasus mountains the word caucasian is commonly used to refer to people with light skin, but it originally referred to the caucasus mountains, a range of tall peaks located between the black and caspian seas, on the border between europe and asia. The first chechen war (1994-96) ended in a stalemate, and russia allowed the chechens to have de facto independence for several years but in 1999, russia resumed military action, and by 2009 the war was essentially over and chechnya was once more under russia's control. Soviet suspicion of the chechens led to the brutal deportation of the entire chechen population in the spring of 1944 in the course of a few days, the people of chechnya were rounded up by the soviet army and secret police, loaded into boxcars, and transported to remote regions of kazakstan, central asia, and siberia. The first chechen war took place over a two-year period that lasted from 1994 to 1996, when russian forces attempted to regain control over chechnya, which had declared independence in november 1991. Chechen demographers in 2008 termed highly implausible the reported overall population growth as infant mortality in chechnya was said to be 60 percent higher than the russian average in 2007 and to have risen by 39 percent compared with 2006.
Chechnya has a population of approximately 1 million these people mainly speak chechen and ironically, russian their main religion is islam, but a small percentage is christian chechnya's main natural resource is oil. Its a bit of a trick question, because many regions no longer want independence because of the chechnya example for example, two incredibly important regions in russia, tartarstan and kaliningrad had independence movements in the 1990s, but they died down by the 2000s. Chechnya, also spelled chechnia or chechenia, republic in southwestern russia, situated on the northern flank of the greater caucasus range chechnya is bordered by russia proper on the north, dagestan republic on the east and southeast, the country of georgia on the southwest, and ingushetiya republic on the west.
Given this position, dudayev's declaration of chechnya's independence in 1994 could not go unchallenged and yeltsin decided to send an armored column to grozny however, the chechens were ready and waiting - one russian military analyst estimates that 6,000 russian soldiers were facing 10,000 chechen fighters with tanks, artillery pieces. Lesson 6- the geography of russia -ranked 7th in population out of the 8 regions in 2008 chechnya gained independence from russia in 1999. Recent events with the impending collapse of the soviet union in 1991, an independence movement, initially known as the chechen national congress, was formed and led by ex-soviet air force general and new chechen president dzhokhar dudayev that rallied for the recognition of chechnya as a separate nation. Start studying ap human geography-russia notes learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
After the breakup of the ussr in 1991, chechnya declared independence from russia, only to be consumed by war three years later as russia tried to regain control the long and bloody war, which resulted in over 70,000 casualties, was finally brought to an end in 1996. After the 1917 russian revolution, a declaration of independence by the chechens was met with occupation from the bolsheviks who later established the chechen-ingush autonomous region in 1924 in the mid-1930s, it became an autonomous republic. Geography and demography the chechen republic is situated in the eastern part of the north caucasus, partially in eastern europe chechnya is surrounded on nearly all sides by russian federal territory. They are a strong, determined people with a long history of fighting for their independence soviet rule dominated the chechen during the first half of the 20th century for years the chechens had based land tenure upon joint-clan ownership.
The chechen separatists declared their independence and using leftover soviet arms and under the leadership of former soviet officers, prepared to fight for it russian president boris yeltsin. The republic of chechnya is located on the north slope of the caucasus mountains within 100 kilometers of thecaspian sea it's strategically vital to the russian federation for two reasons first, access routes to both the black sea and thecaspian sea go from the center of the federation through. According to the chechen state statistical committee, chechnya's population had grown to 1205 million in january 2006 [ 33 ] at the end of the soviet era, ethnic russians comprised about 23% of the population (269,000 in 1989. Chechnya in november 1991, dispatching troops to grozny one month after the region had declared its independence these were repulsed and the chaos surrounding the soviet union s demise allowed chechnya to be left to its own devices.